Studies related to Big Five Personality, Social Media, and Job Performance

Barrick, Murray R., and Michael K. Mount. The Big Five Personality Dimensions and Job Performance: A Meta–Analysis. Personnel Psychology, Vol. 44(1) (March 1991): pp. 1—26.

Possibly the most cited article related to personality, the authors combined hundreds of separate studies theoretically and statistically to identify key takeaways related to the Big Five personality model, specifically that it had widespread predictive relationships with a wide variety of jobs. In particular, conscientiousness was found to be a strong predictor of performance across virtually all types of work.

Chen, Jilin, Gary Hsieh, Jalal Mahmud, and Jeffrey Nichols. Understanding Individuals' Personal Values from Social Media Word Use. Proceedings of the ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work & Social Computing (2014): pp. 405—414.

In regards to social media usage, the study found that individuals who are high in openness–to–change write less about the past and family, use more swear words, and use more words that suggest absolute certainty. These findings are likely to replicate for the opennes to experience construct.

Costa, Paul T., Jr., and Robert R. McCrae. Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO–PI–R) and NEO Five–Factor Inventory (NEO–FFI) Manual. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources (1992).

The authors developed the preeminent measure of the Big Five Personality traits, still in usage to this day.

Fast, Lisa A., and David C. Funder. Personality as manifest in word use: correlations with self–report, acquaintance report, and behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 94(2) (2008): pp. 334—346.

The study divides posts on social media into Certainty, Physical, Body, or Sexuality content. The researchers identified a series of words that fit into each of these categories, and found strong and consistent correlations between these words and personality traits from a broad, non–Big Five personality framework.

Golbeck, Jennifer, Cristina Robles, Michon Edmondson, and Karen Turner. Predicting Personality from Twitter. Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Social Computing (2011).

The authors found that using text analysis Big Five personality traits can be predicted within 10% of their actual scores through one's twitter profile. For instance, it can be established that someone is between 45 and 55% agreeable.

Hirsh, Jacob B., and Jordan B. Peterson. Personality and language use in self–narratives. Journal of Research in Personality, Vol. 43 (2009): pp. 524—527.

Words that participants used while describing themselves were strongly related to Big Five personality traits. For instance, participants who were extroverted were more likely to use words related to humans, social processes, and family. This implies people who are higher in these traits are more likely to use trait–related words on social media.

Hurtz, Gregory M., and John J. Donovan. Personality and job performance: The Big Five revisited. Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 85(6) (December 2000): pp. 869—879.

This research supported the Barrick and Mount (1991) and found very similar results: conscientiousness predicts virtually all tasks across all jobs, while the other traits predict specific tasks and specific job performance.

Judge, Timothy A., Daniel Heller, and Michael K. Mount. Five–Factor Model of Personality and Job Satisfaction: A Meta–Analysis. Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 87(3) (June 2002): pp. 530—541.

The study found positive relationships with conscientiousness, extraversion, and agreeableness with satisfaction and a negative relationship with neuroticism. Employees who are higher in the former and lower in the latter are likely to be more satisfied with their jobs.

Kluemper, D. H., & Rosen, P. A. (2009). Future employment selection methods: evaluating social networking web sites. Journal of managerial Psychology, 24 (6), 567—580.

Based solely on viewing social networking profiles, experienced Human Resources professionals are consistent in their ratings of big five personality triats across subjects and typically able to use these traits to accurately distinguish high from low performers.

Kluemper, D. H., Rosen, P. A., & Mossholder, K. W. (2012). Social networking websites, personality ratings, and the organizational context: More than meets the eye? 1. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 42 (5), 1143—1172.

This research found that ratings of Big Five personality traits developed exclusively through reviews of social networking sites correlated with self–ratings, and more importantly with ratings of job performance. The authors suggest measures of Big Five personality traits developed from reviews of social media are useful for organizational decisions.

Mairesse, Francois, and Marilyn Walker. Words Mark the Nerds: Computational Models of Personality Recognition through Language. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (July 2006).

This research found that showed that Big Five personality traits can be recognized by computers through language cues. They found it easier to measure spoken words as opposed to texts, as factors such as pitch and tone could be included in analysis.

Ryan, T., & Xenos, S. (2011). Who uses Facebook? An investigation into the relationship between the Big Five, shyness, narcissism, loneliness, and Facebook usage. Computers in Human Behavior, 27 (5), 1658—1664.

This research found positive relationships between facebook usage and extroverson and negative relationships between facebook usage and conscientiousness.

Schwartz, H. Andrew, Johannes C. Eichstaedt, Margaret L. Kern, Lukasz Dziurzynski, Stephanie M. Ramones, Megha Agrawal, Achal Shah, Michal Kosinski, David Stillwell, Martin E. P. Seligman, and Lyle H. Ungar. Personality, Gender, and Age in the Language of Social Media: The Open–Vocabulary Approach. PLoS One, Vol. 8(9) (September 2013).

The researchers extracted words, phrases, and topics (automatically clustered sets of words) from millions of Facebook messages and found the language that correlates with the five factors of personality. This research differed from previous studies in that it did not look for specific words, but rather used the words of the particpants and categorized them within the Big Five.

Stoughton, J. W., Thompson, L. F., & Meade, A. W. (2013). Big five personality traits reflected in job applicant's social media postings. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 16 (11), 800—805.

The researchers found negative relationships between agreeableness and negative social media behaviors and positive relationships between extraversion and negative social media behaviors.

Van Vianen, Annelies E. M., Ute–Christine Klehe, Jessie Koen, and Nicky Dries. Career adaptabilities scale – Netherlands form: Psychometric properties and relationships to ability, personality, and regulatory focus. Journal of Vocational Behavior, Vol. 80(3) (June 2012): pp. 716—724.

The scale measures concern, control, curiosity, and confidence as dimensions of one's ability to adapt to changes in one's employment such as losing one's job. One's ability to adapt correlated with conscientiousness as well as openness.

Yarkoni, Tal. Personality in 100,000 words: A large–scale analysis of personality and word usage among bloggers. Journal of Research in Personality, Vol. 44(3) (2010): pp. 363—373.

This study found large–scale correlations between Big Five traits and grammar. For instance, people high on Openness tended to use more Articles and Prepositions in their texts. The authors extended their analysis to the facet level, and found similar relationships between facets of the big five traits with words used and sentence construction.